Automation, Artificial Intelligence Game Theory, Simulation and Machine Learning – As an example of future directed planning, the diagram below estimates which jobs are at the greatest risk of elimination through automation and artificial intelligence. This graph highlights that many jobs with much repetition and requiring little education are at greatest risk. But mixed within this group are jobs at great risk where previously, a college education was mandatory.
Language, Religion, Political Science, Economics and International Business – The U.S. is experiencing new geopolitical relationship tensions. Official U.S. policies on climate change are shifting. Globalization of business, information connectivity across the globe and the influence of religion on international relations all point to the need for deep knowledge in international communication and culture. China, India and Indonesia are experiencing rapid population growth and will continue to exert greater influence on global policies, business and security. With many U.S. companies working at the global level, the need for employees with language and cultural skills to work effectively with foreign countries and global corporations will only grow.
Retail – It appears that retail and consumer purchasing preferences will continue to shift away from traditional retail. In energy-rich far west China, the new city of Karamay has 350,000 people and few buildings less than 10 years old. This model city for the future, built from the ground up in the past decade, has the ability to plan in absence of tradition. In doing so, the downtown area has very little retail with the exception of restaurants, barbers and nail shops. When the residents were asked where they buy most of their goods, they responded that Alibaba delivers to their homes most everything they need. Amazon’s purchase of Whole Foods, and the development of Amazon Fresh and Amazon Go all point to a very different retail sector. Jobs in retail are shifting from staffing local shops and big box stores to worldwide internet-based home delivery.
Manufacturing – Similar to retail, automation and robotics continue to increase product quality, lower production costs and lower workforce needs. The automakers and appliance makers have seen huge drops in the number of employees per unit. Growth jobs for manufacturing include all of the engineering fields, computer sciences, information sciences and artificial intelligence.
Information Sciences and Security – Cyber defense of all information databases and flow has expanded rapidly into banking, health care, law, schools and retail. Jobs will continue to grow regarding all aspects of cyber defense. Computer coding has become an increasingly necessary basic skill and language for future employment.
Health Care – With 10,000 baby boomers retiring every day across the U.S. needing more direct health care, virtually all aspects of the health care workforce will experience job growth. There is additional health care-related growth on the way as well. As mergers and acquisitions of health systems increase, health law will see growth. Assisted living centers, home care and day support programs for the elderly and Alzheimer’s Disease specialty programs will see rapid growth. Addiction treatment programs are also in great demand as the opioid and methamphetamine crisis expands. Treatment program shortages for Post Traumatic Stress Disorder among our U.S. veterans will be present for quite some time to come as well.
Health Care Delivery Sciences – With U.S. health care costs reaching 20 percent of GDP, new approaches to how health care systems deliver on the health of entire populations rather than just individuals will alter care delivery and reimbursement. This new field of health care delivery sciences brings together opportunities for medical informatics, geo-mapping, the social determinants of health and design thinking.
Neuroscience – Within human biology, the brain is far and away the most complex and least understood organ. With the advent of functional MRI technology, micro-array DNA analysis and standardized neuropsychological assessments, there is an opening up of the neuroscience frontier. New diagnosis and treatment options are on the way for mental
illness, addictions and degenerative brain disorders such as Alzheimer’s Disease. This new neuroscience will significantly add to fields in high demand right now including neuroscience-imaging specialists, clinical and neuropsychology, psychiatry, addiction treatment, counseling, speech pathology, occupational therapy, physical therapy, athletic training and neuro-rehabilitation.
Precision Medicine – Individual DNA mapping, nano-imaging, bioinformatics and computational biology will allow clinicians to predict disease before it occurs, prevent harmful effects of already existing diseases and cure diseases once thought to be terminal. The day-to-day clinical laboratories that carry out this work will grow exponentially in size and sophistication as will its workforce.
Energy – Although we are in a period of relative high supply of oil and gas, the next 100 years will see an exhaustion of much of the currently available supplies as China and India continue to grow in both population and economic strength. Jobs will be needed in extraction of hard to reach oil and gas, power grid and building efficiency, biofuels, solar, thermal and wind energies, cyber protection of the energy grid and energy management.
Transportation – Growth of drones and autonomous vehicles will greatly alter traditional cross-country and local shipping jobs. The preference of some millennials for mass transit and ridesharing over personal vehicles could drastically alter the U.S. auto industry and city design. With terrorists opting for vehicles as weapons, designing and redesigning public spaces for safety will be needed.
K-12 Education – Public K-12 education in Oklahoma suffers from years of woefully inadequate funding from the legislature. Looking forward, the students and their families that public school teachers are trying to serve are increasingly complex in their health, mental health, language and economic needs. Oklahoma suffers from chronic shortages of teachers due to low pay and burn out in this highly complex teaching environment. To promote teachers staying on the job, student teachers need to understand not only how to teach but also how to do this work surrounded by high poverty, crime, drug addiction, mental illness and family chaos. Models such as Teach For America, that provide student loan payback opportunities, poverty training and ongoing guidance in these additional areas need to be incorporated alongside traditional teaching curriculum.
Criminal Justice and Community Policing – The outcomes of our existing criminal justice system point to failure on many levels. Oklahoma leads the nation in the incarceration of women. Oklahoma’s prison system is at capacity. The passage of State Questions 780 and 781 indicates a strong desire from the voters for reform in Oklahoma. New models of community policing, evaluation and referral for treatment for those with mental illness in the criminal justice system, immigration reform and new models of treatment and rehabilitation rather than incarceration for nonviolent offenders all show promise but need to be fully implemented and scaled-up to demonstrate significant impact. Several University of Tulsa programs including law, sociology and organizational psychology are a few examples of those that could have an impact on these issues.
The Triumph of the City – Great cities have great universities. Even in Oklahoma, 75 percent of the population live in the urban centers. Looking to the future, the strength of cities will depend on the ability to develop, recruit and retain young, creative talent. And creative talent development, recruitment and retention starts with universities. When universities can develop deep relationships with the business and entrepreneurial communities of a city with an eye toward global reach in particular business segments of strength, great benefit is realized by all. City to city partnership opportunities with enthusiastic TU alumni are already being developed with Seattle (Microsoft, Amazon, Starbucks,) Houston, Denver and Dallas (energy companies), St. Louis (Ascension Health), Kansas City (Cerner) and Beijing and Karamay, China (Joint Center for Culture and Science). The sectors of opportunity where we can build toward global strength include cybersecurity, data analytics, energy, neuroscience, simulation, gaming and artificial intelligence, health information and precision medicine.
A Rapidly Changing World with Great Opportunities – As Matt Ridley describes in his book, The Rational Optimist, despite what the pessimists say, life on planet earth is getting better. Food availability, lifespan and income are all up worldwide; disease, child mortality and violence are down around the globe. And there is much more that can be done to keep the momentum of these positive outcomes. The TU Commitment — described in-depth in the following strategic plan — hopes that our students, faculty and staff are ready to write the rest of the story of their lives at The University of Tulsa and beyond. A story with meaning and fulfillment. A story of a job and a career that promotes innovation, justice, access to education, better health, inclusion, diversity and the building of a great city that participates in these endeavors at the global level.